What are the Different Types of Smoke and Fire Curtains Available?

What are the Different Types of Smoke and Fire Curtains Available

Smoke and fire curtains are essential safety features in buildings. giving people time to evacuate safely and protecting property. Understanding the different types of smoke and fire curtains available can help you choose the right one for your needs. This guide will explain the various types and their unique features.

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What Are Smoke and Fire Curtains?

Smoke and fire curtains are barriers that descend from ceilings or walls to block the spread of smoke and fire within a building.

Why Are They Important?

These curtains are vital for several reasons:

  • Life Safety: They provide safe evacuation routes by containing smoke and fire.
  • Property Protection: By limiting the spread of fire and smoke, they protect the building and its contents.
  • Support for Firefighters: Contained fire and smoke make it easier for firefighters to manage the situation.

Types of Smoke and Fire Curtains

Vertical Fire Curtains

Vertical fire curtains descend from the ceiling to the floor. They are commonly used in:

  • Elevator Lobbies: To prevent smoke and fire from spreading between floors through elevator shafts.
  • Atriums and Open Spaces: To create barriers in large open areas.
  • Doorways and Windows: To protect openings and prevent the spread of fire.

Vertical fire curtains are versatile and can be used in various applications, making them a popular choice for many buildings.

What are the Different Types of Smoke and Fire Curtains Available?

Horizontal Fire Curtains

Horizontal fire curtains extend horizontally across openings. They are often used in:

  • Ceilings and Roof Spaces: To prevent the spread of  smoke through roof voids and ceiling spaces.
  • Openings Between Floors: To provide fire separation in multi-level buildings.

These curtains are ideal for buildings with complex layouts where vertical barriers are not practical.

  • Smoke Containment: Preventing smoke from spreading to escape routes and other areas of the building.
  • Smoke Extraction Systems: Guiding smoke towards extraction points to keep escape routes clear.

curtains are often used in combination with curtains to provide comprehensive protection.

  • UL 10D: Certification for fire protective curtains.
  • BS 8524: British Standard for active fire curtain barriers.
  • EN 1634-1: European Standard for fire resistance tests.
  • ISO 9001: Quality management system certification.

Compliance with these standards guarantees that the curtains have been rigorously tested and meet high safety criteria.

Material and Construction

The material and construction of the curtains are crucial for their effectiveness. Look for:

  • Fire Resistance: Materials that can withstand high temperatures and flames.
  • Smoke Containment: Materials that prevent smoke from passing through.
  • Durability: Curtains that are durable and maintain their performance over time.

Common materials include fiberglass, stainless steel, and specialized fire-resistant fabrics.

Installation and Maintenance

Proper installation and regular maintenance are essential for the curtains to function correctly. Consider:

  • Professional Installation: Ensure the supplier offers professional installation services.
  • Maintenance Services: Check if the supplier provides maintenance contracts or services.
  • Ease of Use: Curtains should be easy to operate and maintain, ideally with automated systems.

Customization and Size:

  • Customization: Curtains tailored to the specific dimensions and layout of your building.
  • Various Sizes: Options that suit different spaces and openings.
  • Size and Customization: Larger and customized curtains typically cost more.
  • Material: Different materials come with different price tags.
  • Certification and Features: Curtains with more certifications and advanced features may be more expensive.

Get quotes from multiple suppliers to compare prices and find the best option within your budget.

Reputation and Reviews

The reputation of the supplier is an important consideration. Look for suppliers with a proven track record and positive customer feedback. Check:

  • Customer Reviews: Read reviews and testimonials from previous clients.
  • Experience: Choose a supplier with experience in the industry and a history of successful installations.
  • References: Ask for references and follow up with them to learn about their experiences.


Choosing the right type of smoke and fire curtains is crucial for ensuring the safety of your building and its occupants. There are various types available, including vertical fire curtains, horizontal fire curtains, smoke curtains, and combined smoke and fire curtains. Each type serves different purposes and is suitable for different applications. By carefully considering these factors, you can choose the right curtains to provide effective protection against smoke and fire.

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